ウルトラバッテリー

空間からエネルギーを搾り取るコンデンサー的なバッテリー。

1cmの立方体で200キロワット・アワー出せるみたいですよ。

流石のロシア!力技ですね。

Ultra batteries are based on vacuum capacitors. 200kW/h per 1cm3

I read this article and was very impressed! 1 cubic centimeter of this battery able to store 15 times more energy than 1 liter petrol. I can’t imagine, how it’s possible?! Russian scientists have a patent on this battery. If somebody want read about this battery/capacitor you can visit website: Zaryad.com Vacuum batteries
Make sure when article is on russian language, so use google translate if you don’t know this language

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Vacuum condenser huge emkostiRossiyskimi entrepreneurs have been tested and patented vacuum capacitors (VC), which they believe should be the basis for the creation of Ultra batteries of the future. According to the inventors of the experiments carried out in the last they managed to save nearly two hundred kilo-watt hours of energy in one cubic centimeter of the physical vacuum. For example, to get the same amount of energy needed to burn 15 liters of high-octane gasoline. A four-liter such a battery capacity will be enough, that would fly to the moon and back.

This topic is being actively discussed in the forum of the project in charge of the branch “Ultra batteries are based on vacuum capacitors”

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At the heart of this device is the principle of conventional vacuum diode invented for about two hundred years ago. The major difference lies only in the fact that in this capacitor plate is outside the vacuum flask that does not prevent electron emission, but it prevents the flow of electric current, thus keeping the free electrons in a flask, which in turn are the stored energy.

In the following video, one of the entrepreneurs talks about what a vast and huge that the “energy pie” from the perspective of the entrepreneur, how much effort and money has been invested, that would try not to let anyone else make money on it, and of course, do not much about the vacuum capacitor and how it works.

 

Give a description of the device, from the patent abstract unchanged:

Ultra-capacitor block diagram of a vacuum

 

The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, in particular to the technology and equipment to store electricity in large volumes at low dimensions and weight.

State of the art

Battery of electromagnetic energy at the request of the Russian Federation 2006106535 includes a housing made as torroida, the outer shell of which is a hemisphere of the diamagnetic, and the inner shell is made of a ferromagnetic as mirroring the outer shell, the inner and outer shells are joined at the top by means of a cylindrical thermocouple and bottom stitched through a high-temperature superconductor, the lower cavity bounded by membranes and thermal insulator, is filled with coolant.

Invention by Russian patent 2303841 relates to a battery and method of charge and discharge. Said invention is to provide a battery having a simple design and low weight. According to the invention comprises a housing battery, the electrolyte and two electrodes, carbon anode and copper cathode immersed in an electrolyte, wherein the electrolyte is 5 ÷ 15% aqueous solution of copper sulphate CuSO4. Anode is in the form of a felt pad of graphite fibers with a diameter 0,1 ÷ 1 mm, mounted on a graphite plate or on the inner surface of the graphite cylinder, and the cathode is a copper plate or copper cylinder. Way charge by attaching an external DC source minus a graphite electrode, and is in addition to copper, while copper electrode partially dissolved copper is in the form of positively charged ions Cu2 + enters the water in a solution of copper sulphate, and the thin graphite fibers copper ions are allocated a thin copper layer thickness 0,1 ÷ 1 mm. Discharge of the battery are connecting an external load.

Known techniques and equipment do not resolve the problem, which solves the claimed invention because of its large size and weight, as well as great value.

The applied electrical energy capacitor type (NEKT) solves these problems:

creation of small and light battery power high-capacity electric elektrokaterov and yachts elektrosamoletov, etc.

the development of small and mikroakkumulyatorov mobile electronics and electrical engineering, etc.

 

The claimed technology is based on the accumulation of charges of free electrons in the vacuum created by the negative charge of the volume in the “vacuum condenser” (VC).

Way of storing electrical energy is that the anode is located outside the vacuum chamber with a cathode and an insulator is placed between them, and the energy is stored by the accumulation of free electrons in a high vacuum around the cathode.

Feature of the claimed NEKT is a vacuum capacitor (VC), which contains the cathode electrically heated fervor or cold cathode mikropikoobraznoy surface, donate electrons to accumulate charge – electricity in a vacuum sealed in a dielectric cylinder, inside which there is a cathode, separated from the anode, which is located on the outer sealing surface of the dielectric cylinder, creates a deep vacuum. Charging the EC is as follows: the anode to the cathode through a special type of charger voltage multiplier cathode-ray tube, which generates free electrons, a negative voltage is applied, causing the emission of electrons from the cathode in a vacuum, where they rush to the anode, but can not reach it because of the dielectric cylinder and remain sealed in a vacuum, which continue to come from the cathode of new free electrons, forming a space charge around the cathode, and this process will continue as long as the field strength of the space charge becomes equal to the voltage of the battery charger. Charging NEKT and VC over.

Way of storing electric charge accumulation consists of free electrons in the vacuum created by the bulk negative charge in a stationary vacuum capacitor (VC) is a stationary device charging and use battery power to transmit electricity in mobile electricity storage capacitor type (NEKT) for charging his VC, with a stationary power capacity VC is 100-1000 times more electric capacity of simultaneously charge NEKT their VC, and VC fixed charge from a generator or a standard AC power transformer, increased or decreased, depending on the battery voltage and multiplier NEKT-voltage rectifier is connected to the cathode of a stationary VC and its anode, the free end of the secondary winding of the transformer and the common wire multiplier-rectifier is grounded, and the charge of a mobile VC NEKT used to supply its customers directly or through stabilizers or converter is discharged VC creates a load electric current that passed through the load falls the cathode of the diode damper tube, which has a constructive vacuum electric capacity and accumulates a charge if it is connected to the anode discharge to drain the free electrons in the environment: air, water and land – short-term can not provide the required discharge current. Wall charger maintains its VC charged, and therefore the speed of the charge will be limited only NEKT charge current and charge current regulate and monitor the control unit display and control NEKT charge by which the charge NEKT define and determine the amount received by him of the charge (option 1 ).
Method is used to transport equipment and a high-voltage charge NEKT and VC and damper diode is placed in an electromagnetic shield, and for the generation of high power in the load sufficiently low current, and as the use of the arrester body of a vehicle, which can be mounted antennas flow of free electrons, and the housing is protected from corrosion.

The method involves the use of electricity storage in NEKT two VC, the first one first gets a full charge, and then discharged through the load in the second VC, distribute charge between VC, with the second power capacity equal to or greater than the VC first electric capacity VC, when the process is carried out overcharging : return charge from the second to the first VC VC, this is done using rechargeable device that connects to a generator or a standard AC power transformer, increased or decreased, depending on the battery voltage and NEKT containing two oppositely wound secondary windings are connected with each other and with diode and rectifier voltage multiplier so that the multiplier-rectifier voltage feed their total voltage, and it creates an anode first VC large positive potential and the anode of the second VC large negative potential for overcharging connected to the windings of the diodes provide a flow of current in one direction, and the output winding run each in its half-life, providing pumping charge from the cathode of the second cathode of the first VC VC process control and monitor control unit, display and control recharge NEKT, which turns on and off to recharge and reflect value overcharging and charge status of both VC (option 2).

The method is characterized by the fact that NEKT used for small electronic and electrical devices and electric, and it adds damper diode tube arrester stekatelem-free electron and the switch that connects the second parallel to the first VC VC, and in its place damper diode, it is necessary in charge redistribution between the two VC, when there is no AC power to recharge.

The method is characterized by the fact that NEKT used to power small electronic or electrical devices and use low voltage VC and high electrical stabilizers, and power capacity is determined from the relations that take into account the duration of continuous operation at a known power consumption and loss limit supply voltage, and a charge-carry mobile device.

Electrical energy capacitor type with only one vacuum capacitor 50 includes a generator or a standard AC power 9 is connected to the input coil in (contacts 21 and 22) of the transformer 8, multiplier-voltage rectifier 11 to the input (pin 27), common (pin 26) and negative output (pin 25), charging fixed VC 12 through the cathode (K), and its anode (A) is connected to the earth terminal 6, the input multiplier-rectifier voltage (pin 27) is connected to the output winding (pin 23) of the transformer 8 , the other end of which (track 24) is connected to the earth terminal 7, and here is the common wire is connected (pin 26) multiplier-voltage rectifier 11, the control unit and display the status of rechargeable stationary VC 12, control, display and manage charge NEKT ( VC 17), the command for disabling contact group of 13 after a full charge, or given NEKT (VC 17), translates NEKT off-line, and the wall charger into recovery mode charge VC 12 of this NEKT, in addition, the wall charger have a block heater supply 14 cathode stationary VC 12 powered by a generator or mains 9, heats the cathode VC 12 in continuous mode, and can be turned off and only in conjunction with the wall charger, in turn, grounding 6 and 7 spaced a distance L, providing safe “step voltage”, the distance L is determined from

 

L U3.6, 7max [V] / 50 [V / M] = L [M], where

U2.6, 7max – the maximum voltage produced between pins 6 and 7 ground at full charge VC 12;

L – distance between the ground pins 6 and 7, at which the potential difference between the in-line ground pins (6 and 7), at any meter of this segment potential difference is not more than 50 V at U3.6, 7max.

NEKT characterized in that it is provided with a self-contained heater supply 18, 17 and BK rechargeable lamp damper diode 19 from the stabilizer avtopodzaryadkoy converter 16, heats the cathode VC damper 17 and the cathode of the diode lamp 19 in continuous operation for long term without charge from the stabilizer-preobraovatelya 16.

NEKT characterized by the off-line VC 17, connected to its load (track 28), their charge, and from across the load (track 29), the charge goes to the cathode of the diode damper 19, which also has a vacuum capacity, and from there through the anode on the discharge-free electrons stekatel 20 with a free electrons are absorbed by the environment: air, land or water.

NEKT characterized in that the cathode is cold with mikropikoobraznoy surface providing a better return of free electrons from the surface (option 1).

Wall charger 49 (for NEKT one VC 50) comprises a generator or a standard AC power 9 is connected to the input winding D (contacts 40 and 41) of the transformer 30, rectifier voltage multiplier 31 to the input (pin 48) is connected to the winding E (pin 42), common (pin 47) is connected to the winding F (pin 45), and the positive output (pin 46), which creates an anode VK 17 large positive potential, and its common terminal (pin 47) is connected to the anode VC 33 and creates a negative potential, E and F windings of the transformer 30 are connected with their oppositely ends (terminals 43 and 44) ​​to their other ends (terminals 42 and 45) with their cathodes connected diodes 34 and 35 of the anodes of diodes connected together and a control unit, display and management recharge NEKT 32, connected to the cathode (K) VK 17 and the contacts 43, 44 through the block 32 to the cathode (K) VC 33, the self-contained power unit heater 18 rechargeable BK 17 and BK 33 and the damper tube diode 19, with the stabilizer of avtopodzaryadkoy converter 16, which may be turned off by a long term off load NEKT, heats the cathode VC 17, VC 33 and the cathode of the diode damper tube 19 in continuous operation even under long-term absence from the stabilizer charging converter 16, in turn, , the control unit 32, display and control recharge NEKT (BK 17 and BK 33), commands the switching contact group 36 after fully recharging NEKT (BK 17 and BK 33), and translates into NEKT offline.

NEKT characterized by the off-line VC 17 is connected to its load (pin 28), and their charge into it, and a load of (track 29), the charge goes to the cathode of the VC 33 and the process continues until the charge redistribution between the EC 17 and VC 33, if there is no AC power source for recharging 9, switch 37 connects the parallel VC 33 VC 17, and in its place a cathode connected damper diode 19, the charge will be supplied to the cathode of the diode damper 19, which also has a capacity of a vacuum, but from it through the anode gap-free electrons stekatel 20, and with it the free electrons are absorbed by the environment: air, land and water, and contacts 38 and 39 are designed for primary charging NEKT (VC 17) from the wall charger and charge if the process of its charge was partially lost through the gap 20.

NEKT characterized in that the cathode is cold with mikropikoobraznoy surface providing a better return of free electrons from the surface (option 2).

NEKT includes vacuum capacitor (VC), which contains the cathode electrically heated fervor or cold cathode mikropikoobraznoy surface, donate electrons to accumulate charge – electricity in a vacuum sealed in a dielectric cylinder, inside which there is a cathode, separated from the anode, which is located on the outer surface of the dielectric airtight container, creates a deep vacuum. Charging the EC is as follows, with respect to the anode to the cathode through a special type of charger voltage multiplier cathode-ray tube, which generates free electrons, a negative voltage is applied, causing the emission of electrons from the cathode in a vacuum, where they rush to the anode, but can not reach it because of the dielectric cylinder and remain sealed in a vacuum, which continue to come from the cathode of new free electrons, forming a space charge around the cathode, and this process will continue as long as the field strength of the space charge becomes equal to the voltage of the battery charger. Charging NEKT and VC over.

 

The method includes charge accumulation of free electrons in the vacuum created by the bulk negative charge in a stationary charger VC stationary device and use battery power to quickly transfer power to the Mobile NEKT to charge its VC (VC stationary power capacity should be not less than one hundred times its high electrical NEKT VC for its rapid charge). Stationary VC charged by a generator or a standard AC transformer (increased or decreased, depending on the charge voltage NEKT) and multiplier-rectifier voltage is connected to the cathode of a stationary VC, and its anode grounded. Similarly, ground the free end of the secondary winding of the transformer and the common wire multiplier-rectifier. Of a mobile charge NEKT VC uses to power its customers, either directly or through the known stabilizers or converters is discharged VC creates a load electric current that passed through the load falls on the cathode tube damper diode, which, through their design, too, has a vacuum electric capacity and can store a charge, if it is connected to the anode discharge to drain the free electrons in the surrounding medium (air, water and land) at a time can not provide the required current. Wall charger has always supported his VC in the charged state, and therefore the rate of charge NEKT would be limited to charging current, which can withstand the leads and contacts connection charge current is regulated and controlled by the control unit display and control NEKT charge, with which you can set the value NEKT charge or determine the amount received by him of the charge (to determine the payment).

NEKT convenient for transport facilities and make better use of the high voltage charge NEKT (at high voltages have VC and damper diode placed in an electromagnetic shield), while for high power in the load sufficiently low currents, and it is convenient for the spark gap, in which can be used body of a vehicle, which can be equipped with special antenki drain of free electrons, and the body will be protected from corrosion.

The method according to option 2 is characterized by the fact that in NEKT uses two VC, the first of them, as in the first method, you first get a full charge, and then discharged through the load in the second VC distributes its charge between two VC (VC second power capacity should be equal to or greater electric capacity first VC), when the process is over, needs to be charged, that is, the return of a second charge for the first VC VC, it uses rechargeable device that should be connected to a generator or a standard AC transformer (increased or decreased depending charger voltage NEKT) and contains two oppositely wound secondary windings are connected with each other and with the diodes, and rectifier voltage multiplier so that the multiplier-rectifier voltage is supplied to the total voltage, and it creates an anode first VC large positive potential and the anode of the second VC large negative potential to facilitate recharging connected to the windings diodes provide current to flow in one direction, and the output winding run each in its half-life, providing pumping charge from the cathode of the second cathode of the first VC VC process is monitored and controlled control unit, display and control recharge NEKT, which turns on and off to recharge, and displays the value of overcharging and the state of charge of both the VC.

If the rechargeable device being separate from NEKT two VC, ie mobile, such NEKT is most useful for small electronic and electrical devices. NEKT two VC can be used for electric vehicles, but then it is necessary to add damper diode tube arrester stekatelem-free electron and the switch that connects the second VC in parallel to the first VC, and in its place damper diode, it is necessary in the case if the charge redistribution between the two VC has already happened, and the AC power source to recharge not around. After switching to have access to an AC power source or the charging station, switch NEKT in original condition, fully recharge it, and then re-charge it up for lost through the gap electron charge with the wall charger. When using this NEKT to power small electronic or electrical devices are best used in low-voltage VC NEKT high electrical and known simply stabilizers, power capacity is determined from the known formulas, given the duration of continuous operation at a known power consumption and supply voltage allowable drawdown.

 

When working on large reactive power IC and the release of large amounts of heat, is covered by the standard cooling VC, air or oil-type.

With an operating voltage of 28 kV over the VC may cause X-ray emission, which requires the protection of screening.

To confirm the theoretical assumptions about the possibility of creating a vacuum condenser and vacuum electric capacity determination was an experiment, where the VC was used electric vacuum diode type 6D6A with an approximate internal volume of 2.3 cm3 vacuum. For this purpose, a diode to isolate 6D6A own anode was placed in a metal cup filled with transformer oil, the glass itself became anode VC. The cathode glow with filament transformer with an effective voltage of 6.3 V. The charge carried rectified line voltage (ie, 310), a current-limiting resistor and AC ammeter, through which at least 8 hours of charge is maintained constant charging current of 10 mA . 8-hour battery voltage between the metallic glass (anode) and the cathode of the diode 6D6A has reached the 28 V.

From these measurements was calculated vacuum chamber established VC.

It is known that qvk = I3 × t3 = SLC × U3, where I3 = 0,01 A, t3 = 8:00 = 28800 seconds, U3 = 28, hence qvk = 0,01 × 28 800 = 288 pendant, so capacity is

Faraday, where I3 – charge current VC, t3 – time charge VC, U3 – the voltage between the anode and cathode of the VC obtained at the end of the charge, qvk – charge of the VC after the charge, JMC – designed capacity of the VC.

The results obtained demonstrated a large capacity AC and, as a result, the feasibility of its use in energonakopitelnyh systems and other energy devices. Measured in this way power capacity of one cubic centimeter of vacuum over 5 farads, and operating voltages tens of kilovolts, known capacitors to solve a similar problem can not.

Vacuum condenser contains cathode electrically heated fervor, placed in a sealed container with a dielectric high vacuum, and the anode, located on the outer surface of the dielectric sealed container.

In the vacuum capacitor cathode can be made with a cold surface mikropikoobraznoy providing out free electrons from the surface without heating.

Vacuum the condenser can solve these technical problems: excessive electric charge at high voltages, which corresponds to the high energy in their own small size, it can be used in various applications energonakopitelyah as battery power, capable of fast charging power, and then release it in any mode.

The essence of the invention is illustrated by drawings, wherein:

1 shows a general view in the context of the vacuum capacitor with a heated cathode;

in Figure 2 – the same with cold cathode;

in Figure 3 – the block diagram for the implementation of the method and electricity storage capacitor type (NEKT) on one VC and the wall charger to it;

in Figure 4 – Block diagram of the implementation of the method and electricity storage capacitor type (NEKT) on two VC, combined with a rechargeable device.

In the drawings, the positions indicated: 1 – cathode, 2 – dielectric sealed container, 3 – high vacuum, 4 – anode, 5 – Insulated glow cathode (see Figure 1 and 2), 6, 7 (see Figure 3) – grounding (earthing along with the standard as a ground pins can be used metal plate electrodes immersed in water), 8 – Transformer (increased or decreased, depending on the charge voltage NEKT) 9 – alternator (any known alternator or any standard grid), 10 – land or water, 11 – multiplier-rectifier voltage 12 – BK rechargeable stationary charger NEKT 13 – breaking the contact group, 14 – block heater supply rechargeable VC stationary charger NEKT powered by a generator or network, 15 – unit control and display the status of rechargeable stationary VC, control, display, and charge control NEKT, and management of the contact group off 13, 16 – load NEKT containing a known linear and switching regulators, or AC, depending on the end-use utility load: 17 – Charge VC NEKT, 18 – the self-contained heater supply rechargeable VC 17 NEKT and damping diode tube 19 from the stabilizer avtopodzaryadkoy converter 16, which may be turned off by a long term off load NEKT, 19 – valve damper diode heat or cold cathode, 20 – bit device to drain the free electrons, 30 – Transformer (increased or decreased, depending on the charge voltage NEKT), which contains two oppositely wound secondary windings, 31 – multiplier-rectifier voltage 32 – unit control and status display rechargeable VC 17 VC 33 and discharged, control, display and control NEKT recharge and management of the contact group switch 36 and 33 – the second VC NEKT for receiving a charge of first-BK 17 through the power consumer 16, 34, 35 – rectifier diodes; 36, 37 – switching contact groups, 38, 39 – terminal block for connecting the wall charger (see Figures 3 and 4), 49 – wall charger for NEKT, 50 – NEKT one VC, 51 – Recharging device NEKT Two VC, 52 – NEKT two VC.

1 shows a VC containing heated cathode 1 with electrically heat of 5, placed in a sealed dielectric cylinder 2 with a high vacuum, 3 and anode 4, located on the outer surface of the dielectric sealed container 2.

2 shows a VC containing cold cathode mikropikoobraznoy surface 1, placed in a sealed dielectric cylinder 2 with a high vacuum, 3 and anode 4, located on the outer surface of the dielectric sealed container 2.

The block diagram (see Figure 3) shows the wall charger for 49 and NEKT NEKT one VC 50, the wall charger for NEKT contains a generator or a standard AC power 9 is connected to the input coil in (contacts 21 and 22) Transformer 8, multiplier-voltage rectifier 11 to the input (pin 27), common (pin 26) and the negative output (pin 25), charging the fixed VC 12 through the cathode (K), and its anode (A) is connected to the earth terminal 6 , the input rectifier voltage multiplier (pin 27) is connected to the output winding (pin 23) of the transformer 8, the other end of which (pin 24) is connected to the earth terminal 7, connected to it is the common wire (pin 26) multiplier-voltage rectifier 11 , power control and display the status of rechargeable stationary VC 12, control, display and manage charge NEKT (VC 17), issues a command to disable the contact group of 13 after a full charge, or given NEKT (VC 17), which translates NEKT off-line, and wall charger into recovery mode charge VC 12, gave NEKT, back in the wall charger is the power supply 14 of the cathode glow steady VC 12 powered by a generator or mains nine heats cathode VC 12 in a continuous mode and can be turned off and only together with the wall charger *. Autonomous power supply rechargeable heater 18 VC 17 and damper tube diode 19 from the stabilizer avtopodzaryadkoy converter 16, which may be turned off by a long term off load NEKT, heats the cathode 17 and VC cathode tube damper diode 19 in continuous operation, even during long-term without charge from 16 **. In standalone mode, the VC 17, connected to its load 16 (track 28), their charge into it, and from the load 16 through the (track 29), the charge goes to the cathode of the diode damper 19, which also has a vacuum capacity, and from there through the anode – on the discharge-free electrons stekatel 20 with a free electrons are absorbed by the environment: air, land and water flowing through the load so 16 electric current makes good work.

Earth contacts 6 and 7 are spaced by a distance L, providing safe “step voltage”, the distance L is given by

L U3.6, 7max [V] / 50 [V / M] = L [M], where

U3.6, 7max – the maximum voltage produced between pins 6 and 7 ground at full charge VC 12;

L – distance between the ground pins 6 and 7, at which the potential difference between the in-line ground pins (6 and 7), at any meter of this segment potential difference is not more than 50 V at U3.6, 7max.

Notes:

* When using the VC 12 with cold cathode block 14 is not needed;

** When using the VC 17 and diode 19 with a cold cathode block 18 is not needed.

The cathode is made with intensity.

The cathode can be made with cold mikropikoobraznoy surface providing a better return of free electrons from its surface.

On the block diagram (see Figure 4) shows the rechargeable device NEKT two VC 51 and NEKT two VC 52, Recharging device NEKT two VC contains a generator or a standard AC power 9 is connected to the input winding D (track 40 and 41) of the transformer 30, rectifier voltage multiplier 31 to the input (pin 48) is connected to the winding E (pin 42), common (pin 47) is connected to the winding F (pin 45), and the positive output (pin 46), creating an anode VK 17 large positive potential, and its common terminal (pin 47) at the anode creates VK 33 large negative potential, E and F winding of the transformer 30 are connected with their oppositely ends (terminals 43 and 44) ​​to their other ends (pins 42 and 45) with their cathodes connected diodes 34 and 35 of the anodes of diodes connected together and a control unit, display and control recharge NEKT 32, connected to the cathode (K) VK 17 and the contacts 43, 44 through the block 32 to the cathode (K), VC 33. Autonomous power supply rechargeable filament 18 BK 17 and BK 33 and the damper tube diode 19 from the stabilizer avtopodzaryadkoy converter 16, which can be turned off for long term load NEKT, heats the cathode EC 17, EC 33 and the cathode of the diode damper tube 19 continuous operation even under long-term absence of charging from 16 *. Unit 32 controls, display and control recharge NEKT (BK 17 and BK 33), commands the switching contact group 36 after fully recharging NEKT (EC 17 and EC 33), which translates into NEKT offline. In standalone mode, the VC 17, connected to its load 16 (track 28), their charge into it, and from the load 16 through the (track 29), the charge goes to the cathode of the VC 33, and this process will continue until the charge redistribution between the EC 17 and AC 33, if it does, when there is no AC power 9 for their charge, you can switch 37 connected in parallel BK 33 BK 17, and in its place to connect the cathode of the diode damper 19, the charge will be supplied to the cathode of the diode damper 19, which has also vacuum tank, and from there through the anode gap-free electrons stekatel 20, with a free electrons are absorbed by the environment: air, land and water flowing through the load so 16 electric current makes good work. Contacts 38 and 39 are designed for primary charging NEKT (VC 17) from the wall charger and topping up if in the process of its charge was partially lost through the gap 20.

Notes:

* When using the VC 12 with cold cathode block 14 is not needed;

** When using the VC 17 and diode 19 with a cold cathode block 18 is not needed.

The cathode is made with intensity.

The cathode can be made with cold mikropikoobraznoy surface providing a better return of free electrons from its surface.

On the block diagram (see Figure 4) shows the rechargeable device NEKT two VC 51 and NEKT two VC 52, Recharging device NEKT two VC contains a generator or a standard AC power 9 is connected to the input winding D (track 40 and 41) of the transformer 30, rectifier voltage multiplier 31 to the input (pin 48) is connected to the winding E (pin 42), common (pin 47) is connected to the winding F (pin 45), and the positive output (pin 46), creating an anode VK 17 large positive potential, and its common terminal (pin 47) at the anode creates VK 33 large negative potential, E and F winding of the transformer 30 are connected with their oppositely ends (terminals 43 and 44) ​​to their other ends (pins 42 and 45) with their cathodes connected diodes 34 and 35 of the anodes of diodes connected together and a control unit, display and control recharge NEKT 32, connected to the cathode (K) VK 17 and the contacts 43, 44 through the block 32 to the cathode (K), VC 33. Autonomous power supply rechargeable filament 18 BK 17 and BK 33 and the damper tube diode 19 from the stabilizer avtopodzaryadkoy converter 16, which can be turned off for long term load NEKT, heats the cathode EC 17, EC 33 and the cathode of the diode damper tube 19 continuous operation even under long-term absence of charging from 16 *. Unit 32 controls, display and control recharge NEKT (BK 17 and BK 33), commands the switching contact group 36 after fully recharging NEKT (EC 17 and EC 33), which translates into NEKT offline. In standalone mode, the VC 17, connected to its load 16 (track 28), their charge into it, and from the load 16 through the (track 29), the charge goes to the cathode of the VC 33, and this process will continue until the charge redistribution between the EC 17 and AC 33, if it does, when there is no AC power 9 for their charge, you can switch 37 connected in parallel BK 33 BK 17, and in its place to connect the cathode of the diode damper 19, the charge will be supplied to the cathode of the diode damper 19, which has also vacuum tank, and from there through the anode gap-free electrons stekatel 20, with a free electrons are absorbed by the environment: air, land and water flowing through the load so 16 electric current makes good work. Contacts 38 and 39 are designed for primary charging NEKT (VC 17) from the wall charger and topping up if in the process of its charge was partially lost through the gap 20.

Notes:

* When using the VC 17, VC 33 and diode 19 with a cold cathode block 18 is not needed.

The cathode is made with intensity.

The cathode can be made with cold mikropikoobraznoy surface providing a better return of free electrons from its surface.

 

This topic is being actively discussed in the forum of the project in charge of the branch “Ultra batteries are based on vacuum capacitors”

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